vinyl chloride toxicity

Vinyl Chloride Toxicity. Polyvinyl chloride is more often referred to by its less-technical names, PVC and vinyl. 394-398. In 1974, vinyl chloride (VC) was first reported in the open scientific literature to induce angiosarcoma of the liver both in humans and in animals. It does not occur naturally and must be produced industrially for its commercial uses. One reason why PVC is so toxic is that it is often mixed with softening chemicals called plasticizers, the most well known variety being phalates. The current Proposition 65 list is dated December 18, 2020. Learn more about it. (2) Uses Most of the vinyl chloride produced in the United States is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a material used to manufacture a variety of plastic and vinyl products including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. The PVC will create a large number of toxic chemicals like dioxins and phthalates that are released into the air and can produce toxic fumes into the environment. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas that burns easily. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (Update). The following reference says about vinyl chloride: "On combustion, it degrades to hydrogen chloride, carbon dioxide and traces of phosgene.". Most often used in construction, PVC is a plastic composed of three elements: carbon, hydrogen and chlorine. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (Update). Chloride Toxicity. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the 1970s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant. Although the industries that use this chemical have known about the harmful effects of vinyl chloride for decades, it has only recently been identified as a known carcinogen. The Proposition 65 List. Vinyl chloride was briefly used as an inhalational anaesthetic, in a similar vein to ethyl chloride, though its toxicity forced this practice to be abandoned. : 003 Version : 05 Date : 12-10-2017 Prevention: Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. (1960). The residual vinyl chloride content in polymers in contact with food should be limited to:-5 ppb in vinyl chloride mono- or co-polymer films and coatings, and plasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bottles;-10 ppb in rigid PVC;-50 ppb in water-pipes and vinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer films. CAS Number 75-01-4 Synonym(s) Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is arguably one of the most toxic types of plastic in our lives. Discovered in 1835, it is used as an intermediate in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is molded into PVC piping and bottles. Smaller amounts of vinyl chloride are used in furniture and automobile upholstery, wall coverings, housewares, and automotive parts. Meetings, Hearings and Workshops. Toxic Exposure Injury Attorneys - Serving Clients Nationwide. Combustion is, of course, an oxidation reaction. Exposure of mice to 1000 ppm of vinyl chloride (VC), 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, caused some acute deaths with toxic hepatitis and marked tubular necrosis of the renal cortex. Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. Upcoming and past meetings, hearings and workshops. VC is the most toxic plastic for our health and environment. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). [1] [2][3] VCM is now classified as an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Group 1 carcinogen. Only a few … PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. Vinyl chloride has been classified as a human carcinogen (14th Report on Carcinogens, National Toxicity Program) and is on the Living Building Challenge Red List of toxic chemicals to avoid. Toxic substances list: vinyl chloride Vinyl chloride (VC) is a flammable and explosive colourless gas with a sweet odour. Vinyl chloride, a colourless, flammable, toxic gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds and used principally in making polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, a widely used plastic with numerous applications. Some LVT manufacturers are committed to reducing the amount of PVC and phthalates, but many companies have not eliminated them. Doctors pinpointed the carcinogenicity of vinyl chloride in the late 1960s. [4] (4) • The odor threshold for vinyl chloride ranges from 260 ppm to 4,000 ppm. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is an economical and versatile thermoplastic polymer widely used in building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles, pipes (drinking and wastewater), wire and cable insulation, medical devices, etc. Next to polyethylene, it is the most widely used plastic in the world. Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC); PVC is used to make a variety of plastic products, including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. What is vinyl chloride? It is used in the plastics industry, often to produce PVC (polyvinyl chloride) and does not occur naturally in the environment. These releases … Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is a synthetic resin produced from the polymerization of vinyl chloride.It is an odorless and solid plastic and can come in the form of white powder or pellets. [ifediba.com] The gas can cause dizziness, drowsiness, and headache when inhaled. An emerging toxic plastic of concern, polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl), is used widespread in schools across the nation. The target organs for VC now clearly in … 21, No. The good news is that linoleum flooring looks and feels much like vinyl, but it’s an eco-friendly choice that is durable, biodegradable and made with natural materials such as linseed oil, limestone, tree resins, natural pigments, wood flour and jute. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. From 1987 to 1993, according to EPA's Toxic Release Inventory, vinyl chloride releases to water and land totalled over 38,000 lbs. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1997. Longer exposures have been associated with headache, dizziness, euphoria, ataxia, and narcosis. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal: Vol. PVC – the Poison Plastic. Vinyl Chloride. Starting the sixth month, mice exposed to 1000, 250, or 50 ppm of VC became lethargic, lost weight quickly, and died. Therefore, based on information available today, vinyl cannot be non-toxic… Vinyl chloride is a highly dangerous chemical used to make numerous plastic materials. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). (4) • The vapor pressure for vinyl chloride is 2,600 mm Hg at 25 °C, and it has a log Vinyl flooring can be an enormous source of off-gassing in your home. The vinyl industry lobbies to keep consumers believing that vinyl is safe in spite of mounting evidence to the contrary. Vinyl tile flooring is constructed of new or recycled polyvinyl chloride or PVC that is known to be one of the most environmentally hazardous consumer materials that are produced for flooring. Vinyl releases toxins during manufacture and disposal, and it’s usually softened with phthalates, which are toxic. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1997. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas with a mildly sweet smell that easily burns.It is not a naturally-occurring substance and must be manufactured industrially for its commercial purposes. for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. Notices. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1990. Starting the sixth month, mice exposed to 1000, 250, or 50 ppm of VC became lethargic, lost weight quickly, and died. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. Vinyl Chloride Toxicity. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Short-term exposure to moderate levels of vinyl chloride in the air can result in a headache, vertigo, loss of consciousness, and fatigue.Nervous system damage is also possible. Vinyl chloride can be formed when other substances such as trichloroethane and trichloroethylene are broken down. The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and has two QVC MSDS CODE : V3.0.2-1 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET – MSDS Product: VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER Page 2 of 8 SDS No. 7.3 Carcinogenicity According to IARC, vinyl chloride is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). Healthy Child Healthy World describes PVC as the most toxic plastic , and vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, has been described as a known carcinogen by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. Additional research has now demonstrated the carcinogenicity of VC to other organs and at lower concentrations. Vinyl chloride has little acute toxicity, and air levels over 8000 ppm may be tolerated for 5 minutes without the development of symptoms. Keith G. Tolman, Anthony S. Dalpiaz, in Drug-Induced Liver Disease (Third Edition), 2013. PVC—polyvinyl chloride, or vinyl—is found in a range of products, from children's toys to building materials to food packaging. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1990. Toxicity Data for: Vinyl Chloride Monomer*LD50 (rat, inhalation): 18 pph /15M Vinyl Chloride Monomer* is an OSHA cancer suspect agent, ACGIH confirmed human carcinogen, and NTP and IARC human carcinogen. (4) • The chemical formula for vinyl chloride is C 2 H 3 Cl and the molecular weight is 62.5 g/mol. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride, flammable gas with a sickly sweet odor, which is a colorless at ambient temperature. ... Vinyl chloride . Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. * This data for Bis(2-ethylhexyl)Phthalate and Vinyl Chloride Monomer apply to the pure form of the compound. No other plastic contains or releases as many dangerous chemicals. Exposure of mice to 1000 ppm of vinyl chloride (VC), 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, caused some acute deaths with toxic hepatitis and marked tubular necrosis of the renal cortex. 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