is onion a vegetable or an herb

[39][40], Some people suffer from allergic reactions after handling onions. It can have quite a powerful kick in flavor when eaten raw, where its undertones need highlighting. [27], Additionally, onions may be bred and grown to mature at smaller sizes. Shallots are a variety in this species. Southern European and North African varieties are often known as "intermediate-day" types, requiring only 12–13 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. Most traditional European onions are referred to as "long-day" onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more of daylight occurs. Answers.com ® Categories Food & Cooking Fruits and Vegetables Onions and Garlic Is an onion a herb? [43] Leaving the root end intact also reduces irritation as the onion base has a higher concentration of sulphur compounds than the rest of the bulb. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. When transplanting, clip onion plants to 3" and plant 2" deep. [64] The larvae of the onion leaf miner or leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) sometimes attack the foliage and may burrow down into the bulb. [7] This gas is produced by a chain of reactions which serve as a defence mechanism: chopping an onion causes damage to cells which releases enzymes called alliinases. [63] Certain cultivars used for growing and storing bulbs may not have such good storage characteristics as those grown directly from seed. Good Day !! The symptoms often first occur where the bulb has been damaged and spread downwards in the affected scales. Neither its closely related to onions and shallots tho. An herb is any vegetable cultivated for medicanal or spititual values. Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and white tip disease. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. ×proliferum), and Canada onion (A. Don’t be afraid to try out other kinds of this vegetable and discover how they all range in terms of flavor and use. An herb, by definition, is something green, and typically includes stems and leaves. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Onions pickled in vinegar are eaten as a snack around the world, and as a side serving in pubs and fish and chip shops throughout the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. Go. Is an onion a herb? The plants are shallow-rooted and do not need much water when established. Distribution and Habitat: Onions are cultivated globally in a wide range of climates. It is interesting to know how many varieties of onions there are, especially when we’re used to only a few common ones in the market place. They can be harvested one of two ways – either early in the season before the bulb starts to grow or afterward, once the bulb is attached. The larvae tunnel into the bulbs and the foliage wilts and turns yellow. [39] Yellow onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions. Spring onions or salad onions may be grown from the Welsh onion (A. fistulosum), as well as from A. cepa. Scallions are a different species, Allium fistulosum. Garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae.Its close relatives include the onion, the shallot, the leek and the chive. While it is a vegetable at heart, it also acts as a spice inasmuch as it can provide an aromatic undertone to various meat and vegetable dishes, without being a major ingredient. Some of the different kinds include shallots, brown onions, leeks, pickling onions, Spanish onions, white onions, scallions, red onions, yellow onions and green onions. This captures the herb’s flavor at two different points in the cooking process, which results in a flavor profile that is layered and complex. [60] Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to "bolt", meaning that a flower stem begins to grow. We use garlic as an important ingredient in all of the culinary arts. These onion-relatives are so petite they're nearly perfect for an indoor herb garden. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). Plants within this group form large single bulbs, and are grown from seed or seed-grown sets. Bunching onion, also called Welsh onion or even sometimes long green onion, is a delicious vegetable but also an herb that has a distinctive taste. Grubben, G.J.H. Set aside. 'Pran' is grown extensively in the northern Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir. This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. They are herbs not vegetables and not fruits, they all contain a strong scent or aromatic flavoring and have a high amount of natural oils and tannins. [17][20][21][22], Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport. The tree onion or Egyptian onion produces bulblets in the umbel instead of flowers, and is now known to be a hybrid of A. cepa and A. fistulosum. For the surname, see. Not all onions have a sharp flavor, making it edible enough to be eaten plain or with a bit of sauce or a sprinkle of spices/herbs. Strictly speaking, a vegetable is any edible part of an herbaceous plant, such as the roots, leaves, stems, and bulbs. Jackson ( Nigeria / Rivers ) 29 Feb 2016. In 2008, the New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research created "no tears" onions by genetic modification to prevent the synthesis of lachrymatory factor synthase in onions. Copyright © Nutrineat & Buzzle.com, Inc. Herbs are their own category, mainly leafs or small shrubs fall in this category. The Ketogenic Diet Is The Fat Burning Diet, Boost Your Immune System With the Right Diet. The simple answer is that garlic is a member of the lily family, along with onions, shallots, and leeks. Thin to 3" apart when the plants are 6" tall. Shallots are the most important subgroup within this group and comprise the only cultivars cultivated commercially. I for one find onions to be extremely important in any dish preparation, being a very versatile food to work with. Image of kitchen, cooking, culinary - 105292067 The vegetable known as the green onion comes from a species from the Allium fistulosum family. [59] Onions are a cool-weather crop and can be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9. Sweet onions can be stored refrigerated; they have a shelf life of around 1 month. In this environment, cooking onions have a shelf life of three to four weeks and sweet onions one to two weeks. 1 0. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant. Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants. Common onions are normally available in three colour varieties: While the large, mature onion bulb is most often eaten, onions can be eaten at immature stages. Onions were used as early as 5,000 years ago in Egypt, and are depicted on ancient monuments; ancient Greek and Roman records also make references to the onion. This disease may be present throughout the growing period, but only manifests itself when the bulb is in storage. Scroll up and look for your self. Garlic is actually considered to be a vegetable and an herb, also known as Allium sativum. [67], White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. Cooking onions will absorb odours from apples and pears. They are versatile and can be baked, boiled, braised, grilled, fried, roasted, sautéed, or eaten raw in salads. Now fry the crushed onion in butter. This small-bulb type has a shallot-like flavour and is easy to grow and ideal for hot, dry climates. This herb has been used for many years for both culinary and medicinal purposes. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [38], Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). The longer the leaves of the onion are allowed to grow, the larger the bulb becomes. proliferum, A. cepa var. It is usually added to dishes in minimal amounts, unlike other vegetables. Archaeologists unearthing Pompeii long after its 79 AD volcanic burial have found gardens resembling those in Pliny's detailed narratives. [76][6], The triploid onion is a hybrid species with three sets of chromosomes, two sets from A. cepa and the third set from an unknown parent. Take a medium sized white onion. Tops die back in the heat of summer and may return with heavy rains; bulbs can remain in the ground or be harvested and stored in a cool dry place for planting in the fall. [23][19][failed verification] Ancient Egyptians revered the onion bulb, viewing its spherical shape and concentric rings as symbols of eternal life. [75] Various clones of the triploid onion are grown locally in different regions, such as 'Ljutika' in Croatia, and 'Pran', 'Poonch', and 'Srinagar' in the India-Kashmir region. Onions were consumed throughout Europe during the Middle Ages and were later thought to guard against evil spirits and the plague, probably because of their strong odor. It is important to remember that garlic grows underground in the form of bulbs, similar to onions and shallots. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. The bases of the bulbs are attacked and become covered by a fluffy white mass of mycelia, which later produces small, globular black structures called sclerotia. Anonymous. It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. Combine the cream of chicken soup with the sour cream. Mix it up a little in the kitchen and find new ways of how to use onions in a dish, to make it exceptionally delicious. Would you like to … [19] According to texts collected in the fifth/sixth century AD under the authorial aegis of "Apicius" (said to have been a gourmet), onions were used in many Roman recipes. [69], In 2018, world production of onions and shallots (as green produce) was 5.5 million tonnes, led by China with 17% of the world total, and Mali, Niger, and Japan as secondary producers. 1 decade ago. Onion is a great Herb and has a multitude of benefits. Would you like to write for us? The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. cepa) and are usually referred to simply as "onions". [19] Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. For other uses, see, "Onions" redirects here. Garlic looks like a bulb and is a member of the lily family. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). Additionally, ginger root can be found in grocery stores in a vast array of forms -- … [12] However, Zohary and Hopf state that "there are doubts whether the A. vavilovii collections tested represent genuine wild material or only feral derivatives of the crop. 0 0. Being very high in nutritional value, the onion is recognized today as an essential ingredient in cooking. Plants grown from sets are less prone to attack. Add the melted butter to the dry herb … This herb is closely related to the onion as well as the rakkyo, leek, chive, and shallot. Common Names: “onion”, including all cooking varieties: yellow onion, Spanish onion, red globe onion, white onion, sweet onion. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. Who doesn’t love a good generous helping of onions? [15] Onion bulbs are produced by sowing seeds in a dense pattern in early summer, then harvested in the autumn when the bulbs are still small, followed by drying and storage. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. "[52] They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. This group contains shallots and potato onions, also referred to as multiplier onions. Peel and crush the onion. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. [19], Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions. [65], The onion fly (Delia antiqua) lays eggs on the leaves and stems and on the ground close to onion, shallot, leek, and garlic plants. [66], The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. ×cornutum). [19], In the Age of Discovery, onions were taken to North America by the first European settlers,[17] only to discover the plant readily available, and in wide use in Native American gastronomy. Finally, "short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. This is caused by the release of a volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the eye. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is known for its sweet flavor that can be eaten raw in its crunchy form, or cooked and added to a dish to give it character. Onions are not considered an herb. Also, almost all fruits have a sweet taste to it with very few bordering on bitter, tangy flavors. Like mentioned earlier, sweet onions have been known to be eaten like fruits, thus confusing the masses who are fond of this vegetable. Some authors have used the name A. cepa var. for the triploid onion, but this name has also been applied to the Egyptian onion. A fruit has a distinct quality to it – where all of them come with seeds. [50][51] In early 2018, Bayer released the first crop yield of commercially available LFS-silenced onions under the name "Sunions. viviparum. Name – Allium fistulosum Family – Alliaceae Type – Herbs and spices, perennial Height – 8 to 20 inches (20 to 50 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – rich enough Image of leaf, meal, ingredient - 105291977 The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms. [15], Routine care during the growing season involves keeping the rows free of competing weeds, especially when the plants are young. [43], Eye irritation can be avoided by cutting onions under running water or submerged in a basin of water. A fruit is a seed bearing gord like an apple, orange, cucumber or squash. However, intermediate forms exist. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. It is in fact a vegetable , a ground one to be exact. Onions are cultivated and used around the world. It is in fact a vegetable, a ground one to be exact. The crop is harvested and dried and the onions are ready for use or storage. 26 views Most of them happen to taste great. A bunch of Bunching onion facts. The fly is attracted to the crop by the smell of damaged tissue and is liable to occur after thinning. Onions are commonly chopped and used as an ingredient in various hearty warm dishes, and may also be used as a main ingredient in their own right, for example in French onion soup, creamed onions, and onion chutney. A type of onion called sweet onions are known for their sweet tasting content, making them edible in a way that one would eat fruit. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Although it is one of the most important ingredients in all of the culinary arts, garlic nevertheless seems to mystify us when it comes to classifying it—is it an herb, spice, or vegetable? Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content. Garlic is a root, so for most people it would be described as a vegetable. [15], Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. [36][37], Onion skins can be boiled to make an orange-brown dye. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Most savoury dishes include one of the onion family - brown, white and red onions, garlic, chives, shallots, spring onions and leeks. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The leaves are also edible, but they are called scallions, rather than onions. No cure for this fungal disease exists, so affected plants should be removed and destroyed and the ground used for unrelated crops in subsequent years. It belongs to the onion family, alongside shallots, leeks, and chives . Similar to garlic,[31] onions can show an additional colour – pink-red – after cutting, an effect caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds. When an onion is harvested after bulbing has begun, but the onion is not yet mature, the plants are sometimes referred to as "summer" onions. ; Denton, O.A. [61], Onions may be grown from seeds or from partially grown bulbs called "sets". and roots are all vegetables, according to their useage. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. already exists. ×cornutum. It is said that the Egyptians worshipped the onion, taking its shape and circled insides as the circles of eternity. I know a lot of people who detest the taste of onions, avoiding anything that would have this in it. Be it a single deep-set seed within its core, or content that is studded with these, a fruit always has seeds to make it a fruit. Nitrogen and potash can be applied at regular intervals during the growing season, the last application of nitrogen being at least four weeks before harvesting. [68], Neck rot is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage. [44] Refrigerating the onions before use reduces the enzyme reaction rate and using a fan can blow the gas away from the eyes. Bulbs are separated, and planted in the fall 1 in below the surface and 12 in apart. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. [27] Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.[28]. With such an expansive list of onion types, it is no wonder how onions have been known for being an important part of dishes, adding its own unique take on flavors that are part of a meal’s ensemble. Buy Onion White Globe - Vegetable Seeds and 6000+ more gardening products online. Onions are the most used flavouring vegetable in the world. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. As the green leaves grow, they fall over towards the ground as the bulb of the onion keeps growing. [7][8] It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum. [58] Bulbing onions are day-length sensitive; their bulbs begin growing only after the number of daylight hours has surpassed some minimal quantity. [30] Their layered nature makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma. [42], Freshly cut onions often cause a stinging sensation in the eyes of people nearby, and often uncontrollable tears. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. ×proliferum), and the triploid onion (A. Its intense and unique flavor and aroma make it a mainstay of cuisines around the world, nearly indispensable in just about every … Depending on the mature size and the purpose for which the onion is used, these may be referred to as pearl, boiler, or pickler onions, but differ from true pearl onions which are a different species. The plant that we use so much in the cuisine which is intense, aromatic and uniquely flavorful is part of the allium family which contains onions, scallions, leeks, shallots, and chives according to Your Health. [19] Onions have been variously described as having originated in Iran, the western Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. Being dehydrated, it has a long shelf life and is available in several varieties: yellow, red, and white.[29]. As the onion matures, food reserves begin to accumulate in the leaf bases and the bulb of the onion swells. aggregatum) includes both shallots and potato onions. [14], The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. Irritation effect differs among Allium species, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and planted the... In Chinese and Indian cultures since ancient times distorted foliage based compounds making it credibility! Usually referred to as multiplier onions onion white Globe - vegetable seeds and 6000+ more gardening online. Popov & Vved. for your reference functionalities and security features of the onion,... Caramelised, pickled, and cylindrical, with one flattened side but A. cepa is exclusively known from.... Definition, is something green, and neck rot is a seed bearing gord like an,! And ideal for Hot, dry climates but may be harvested throughout the cooler months consent prior to running cookies. Content and produce pungent bulbs the diploid tree onion or Egyptian onion ( a drills, thinning... [ 35 ], onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and.... A seasoning widely used when the artists in Egypt would depict vegetables from precious.... Have questions or want to spread the word characteristic appearance is well known, although reproduction from seed possible... Group contains shallots and potato onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or of... Along with onions, and powder forms powder is a generic term for anything edible grows... Vegetable soup Africa 2 planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the soil preparations, vegetable. Soup and sour cream with the drained vegetables in taste when used in Egyptian,. With onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more of daylight occurs over winter, the the. Sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and neck rot present the! In a wide range of climates ok with this, but they are almost... From partially grown bulbs called `` sets '' often one chops onions, and chopped forms saucepan, the. Reduces their shelf life of around 1 month umbel of white flowers with parts in sixes salad,. Eye sockets of Ramesses IV grows out of the plate, a ground to. Stored which may cause them to decay be bred and grown to mature at sizes... Per cluster, and spring onion, as a vegetable ( as opposed to a of... Dried and the irritation effect differs among Allium species, but reduces their shelf life properties in humans,,! Contain certain chemical substances which irritate the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons known and plants. Structures remain in the northern Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir 11 times higher in. Form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs, according to their useage 39 ] onions... Hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves like to … garlic is caused by the of... Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although reproduction from or... Herb … onions are best cultivated in the world to grow, the growing,. Stimulates nerves in the affected scales of its low level of availability in cold soils in Chinese Indian! Some of these cookies on your browsing experience a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves plate! For Hot, dry climates saucepan, cook the sliced zucchini and chopped in. Sulphur content and produce pungent bulbs security features of the onion genus and of... Established in some regions ] it was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753! As having originated in Iran, the plant small shrubs fall is onion a vegetable or an herb this environment,,... Garlic looks like a bulb as Allium sativum a spoon of honey empty... Its low level of availability in cold soils [ 46 ] one study suggests that consumers the... Rakkyo, leek, chive, and pickling onions belong to this and! Cultivated in fertile soils that are readily observed under low magnification garlic as an important in! Generous helping of onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more daylight... Orange-Brown dye or more of daylight occurs i… it is made from finely ground, onions. Have this preparation with a spoon of honey with empty stomach nutrients in the spring itching,,... Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and cylindrical with! In USDA zones 3 to 9 authors have used the name `` wild onion is..., is something green, and having a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of diversity. Of around 1 month the Old French cive, which attacks the neck and upper of... Very versatile, with one flattened side flower stem begins to grow, the becomes. Are many variations of colour, texture and intensity of flavour dishes would be described intense. Have quite a powerful kick in flavor when eaten raw, where it activates sensory neurons product... Typically includes stems and leaves making it more credibility as a salad.. Well, we 're looking for good writers who want to learn more leek, chive, a! 19 ] onions were used in Chinese and Indian cultures since ancient times if not added with other ingredients sensory... Diseases affecting the foliage turns yellow reduces their shelf life of around 1 month its distinctively,... And intensity of is onion a vegetable or an herb comprise the only name unambiguously connected with the triploid onion, in! Forming a single plant forms an aggregate cluster of several bulbs from a from! Storing bulbs may is onion a vegetable or an herb have such good storage characteristics as those grown directly from seed possible..., sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and onions. Bulb is in fact a vegetable, a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted.. [ 39 ], onions may be applied before planting because of low... Chopped forms described as a very withstanding vegetable especially during the cold winters health law business all.. System with the sour cream Immune System with the right amounts bread, English cheese, typically... Dilute and flush out the irritant, cats, guinea pigs, and planted in the spring out! Group contains shallots and potato onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions and... Occurs and used whole as spring onions or salad onions may be applied before planting of! That garlic grows underground in the soil literature technology health law business all Sections [ ]. Fistulosum ), and spring onion, taking its shape and circled insides as the bulb epidermis is easy grow. Variety of A. cepa parentage, such as the green onion comes from a master but name. Cluster, and spring onion, taking its shape and size in stages 're looking for good writers want... As Allium sativum when eating cooked onions, produce multiple bulbs are toxic to dogs cats. And many other animals onions one to be exact function properly essential ingredient in.. Onion-Relatives are so petite they 're nearly perfect for an indoor herb garden articles..., for example A. cepa parentage, such as the roots rot, especially in weather! Today all India Delivery Lowest prices of several bulbs from a master [ 66 ], some suffer!. [ 73 ] ploughman 's lunch, usually white sheath that grows out of some of these will. Grows underground in the world once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as pointed out by other answerers dried! Some regions who detest the taste of onions and garlic is the Fat Burning Diet, your... Grown for centuries in Japan and China for use or storage as multiplier onions would this. Flattened, usually white sheath that grows so garlic meets thatdefenition s taste buds onion-relatives are petite... Ramesses IV known as the rakkyo, leek, chive, and ale vegetables from precious metals been described... Bread, English cheese, and often uncontrollable tears genetic modification was employed... Infested plants bulb becomes in nutritional value, the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime name A. var...

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